[2] [3] Distribution. The name sycomorus came from the Greek Syca-Morus Which means Mulberry fig. Ficus sycomorous is highly medicinal as well as antifungal properties at increasing concentration with little or no side effect. Southern Mediterranean, Western Asia, most of Africa. Several bioactive chemical constituents such as alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids and phenolic compounds have been reported in Ficus sycomorus (Sandabe et al., 2006; Mudi et al., 2015) and it is an important medicinal plant used traditionally for the treatment of different conditions including gastrointestinal, respiratory, cardiovascular disorders and inflammation (Hedberg and Staugard, 1989; Arnold and … After 12 hours, groups 3 to 6 also received … Carissa bispinosa, Ficus sycomorus, and Grewia bicolar are edible fruit plants that grow in the wild. The fruit have a very sweet aroma. Its fruits (figs) widely used as a food and medicine all over the world [6-8]. The leaves are similar in shape to mulberry and the fruit looks very similar to the common fig, except its smaller. Information Source Links ; Agro Ecologic Zones. The n-hexane chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions of the selected plants were Their Characteristics and Uses. Ficus sycomorus (Family: Moraceae) are short trees native to Africa. Ficus plants are among the earliest cultivated fruit and ornamental tree which attract birds and mammals. Although the sycamore fig wood is light and easy to process, it is resistant especially when submerged in water. In this study we investigated of antibacterial and Synergistic effect of Ficus sycomorus. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. © 2018 The Author. Name Language; mulberry fig: English: sycomore fig: English: Eselsfeigenbaum: German: Maulbeerfeigenbaum: German: figuier d'Egypte: French: figuier sycomore: French: fikus … Used as a medicinal plant. The plant contains different groups of biologically active compounds which are responsible for the biological activity. IN FICUS SYCOMORUS 11. web interface by Medicinal plants are important sources for discovering new drugs for many diseases. The phenology of the fig during … It tastes different than the common fig, a little sweeter … The aim of this study was to assess and compare the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, phytochemical compounds, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of some medicinal plants: Ficus carica (FCE), Ficus sycomorus (FSE) and Euphorbia tirucalli (ETE) latex extracts. Show abstract. Bark on young stems pale green with a soft powdery covering; on older stems, grey-green, fairly smooth, with scattered grey scales and pale brown patches where scales have fallen off. The spelling "sycomore", with an O rather than an A as the second vowel is, if used, specific to Ficus sycomorus. Notable species of the genus are the sacred fig (Ficus religiosa L.), sacred to Hindus andBuddhistsandothers throughout the world [8]; the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry (Ficus sycomorus L.), also known as the Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University. It was originated from Ethiopia and Center Africa. Ficus sycomorusbelongs to the family Moraceae. Results … It has semi deciduous stiff variable leaves with a sandpapery feel. Journal of King Saud University - Science, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2018.07.002. The figs are commonly eaten raw or dried for later use. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The present brief review includes its taxonomy, pharmacological activity, phytochemicals and also its potential uses. AEZs: FAO System: AEZs: Kenya System: Water Management. Environmental Health; Trees; Sycamore fig; Sycamore fig. The database and code is licensed under a Ficus sycomorus L., a medicinal plant belonging to the family Moraceae comprises about 755 fig tree species worldwide (Van Noort et al., 2007). Therefore, the aim of this present review is to evaluate the current biochemical and pharmacological status of the Omani FS species. Propagation and Tree Management ; 3. The present study aimed at isolating flavonoids from C. bispinosa, F. sycomorus, and G. bicolar fruits and … … The following methods are practiced traditionally. One of the available indigenous medicinal plants, Ficus sycomorus (FS), in Oman belongs to the Moraceae family. This species is close to Ficus sycomorus, and is included in that species by some authorities. In Oman, there are plenty of plant sources with significant pharmacological activity. Ficus sycomorus have enormous phytochemical constituents including tannins, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides and alkaloids. Leaves broadly (ob)ovate or elliptic, base (sub)cordate, apex rounded or … Medicinal plants have been used extensively as a source for numerous active constituents for treating human diseases and they, as well, ... Area in Kogi State all in Nigeria Nkafamiya et al.12 The bark of Ficus sycomorus is used in the treatment of liver disease, pain killer, and parasitic infections; a decoction of leaves is used in the treatment and management of high blood pressure.13 Given the alarming … Accepted 5 January, 2010 Ficus asperifolia and Ficus sycomorus leaves were assessed to determine proximate nutrient content, mineral and amino acid composition and antinutritional factors. Pests and Diseases ; 4. Hundreds of medicinal plants have been used to cure various diseases since ancient times. The Sycamore Fig Belongs to family Moraceae (Table 1) is one of the old and historic plant species in the Palestine coastal valley and the study area as well. In Egypt the bark is used for timber. View. medicinal plant use patterns in Namibia and Zimbabwe, field surveys were carried out between January and October 2008. Cleome gynandra is a common, widespread herb with wide range of medicinal uses. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The plant belongs to the Moraceae family (Sheikha et al., 2015a, Sheikha et al., 2015b, Afaf et al., 2015) and has about 40 genera. Richard Morris. The trees have some medicinal values as the sap extracted … Ornamental. Ficus cocculifolia sakalavarum (Baker) H. Perrier & Leandri. Ficus sur and Ficus sycomorus , two medicinal species used in Burkinabe traditional medicine for the treatment of sickle cell disease were investigated. POCKET FILLING AND EMPTYING BY CERATOSOLEN ARABICUS MAYR BY J. GALIL AND D. EISIKOWITCH Department of Botany, Tel Aviv University, Israel (Received 10 October 1973) SUMMARY Filling of pockets with pollen by the agaonid wasp Ceratosolen arabicus Mayr (Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera) was studied in Ficus sycomorus L. at Magadi, Kenya. Previous reports have shown that Ficus sycomorus L possesses antimalaria potentials against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro . Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It also grows naturally in Lebanon, where Beirut's famous Gemmayzeh Street is derived from the tree's Arabic name, Gemmayz; … Several research studies on biological, pharmacological and isolation of bioactive compounds have already been done on different species of Ficus worldwide. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. It originated from Africa, but is currently distributed in almost all tropical countries. A significant amount of phenolics and … F. sycomorus L. is widely distributed in tropical West Africa and grown in the Mediterranean basin of Egypt since antiquity and is known for their medicinal and aromatic properties (George and Lawrences, 1961). In Namibia fermented fruits are distilled to make an alcoholic beverage. 46) m, occasionally buttressed. Our intention in this study is to inform the third world generation regarding the toxicity, pharmacological activity and phytochemicals of the Omani FS species. Keywords: Thin-layer chromatography, Flavonoids, Antioxidant activity, Carissa bispinosa, Ficus sycomorus, Grewia bicolar Background The induction of many chronic and degenerative dis-eases is a direct result of oxidative stress caused by … Introduction ; 2. Many species of Ficus are used in interior decoration, while in areas where climatic conditions allow it, they are used both in gardening and in landscape … Plants are considered as a major sources of new antibiotics due to the presence of phytochemicals. 2076, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. + Synonyms. It becomes rare because of urban development, e.g. Ficus sycomorus is a large, semi-deciduous spreading savannah tree, up to 21 (max. Alluvial plot of the 927 use reports (UR) for eight fig species and their usefulness as food, medicine, … If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. source of natural antioxidants which can be used as nutraceuticals to promote health, as preservatives to delay peroxidation of foods, and as flavoring for packed foods. It is the only local tree species suitable for making boards of sufficient length for … Ficus sycomorus, called the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry (because the leaves resemble those of the mulberry), sycamore, or sycomore, is a fig species that has been cultivated since ancient times. Significant antibacterial activity has been shown fruit extracts of Ficus sycomorus, F. benjamina, F. bengalensis and F. religiosa. Ficus sycomorus (FS) is a traditionally used medicinal plant that has been cultivated globally since the ancient times. About 80% of people globally use plants as safe sources of drugs to cure human diseases through different complementary medicine system. Figs are used by humans for food, health, and other functional and cultural purposes throughout their distribution [7]. The leaves are oval with a rounded apex, with an average size of 14 cm in length and 10 cm in width arranged in a spiral around the branches. The figs, which are inverted flowers, are borne on leafless, clustered branchlets arising on the stems and main branches of the tree from July to December, although some fruits can normally be found throughout … However, only a few such research studies have been conducted on the Omani Ficus species. The fruit is a Sicilian with the … The plants produce yellow-, red-, and purple-colored fruits and thus can be good sources of flavonoids for fighting oxidative reactions in humans, food, and the pharmaceutical industry. However, we have kept it distinct here, mainly because it has a larger, edible fruit that the species F. Sycomorus K. Title Plants for a Future Author Ken Fern Description Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.]. Prior informed consent was sought from each participant before … The fruits grow on clusters attached to the bark. The leaves of the plant help in the treatment of jaundice and aids as an antidote for the problem of snakebite, their roots contain laxative and also anthelmintic properties, the other medicinal applications of the tree are healing the lung ailments, sore throats, inflammation and also diarrhea. Ajna Fern The ethanolic extract of the Ficus religiosa bark has a significant anti-asthmatic effect. 1. Ficus sycomorus L (Moraceae) grows wild in tropical Africa and Asia. The Ficus sycomorus is a large tree that can grow up to 20 meters in height and with a diameter of 6 meters in width; it is characterized by a wide and rounded crown and with a bark that goes from green-yellow to orange. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. It is commonly known among the Hausa people of Northern Nigeria as Farin Baure. The analysis confirms that the most frequently utilized timber for the ancient Egyptian wooden coffins was Ficus sycomorus L. (sycamore fig) that was widely available locally at the time of construction. The determination of total phenolic and tannins contents, using the method of Folin-Ciocalteu (FCR), indicate values significantly (p <0.05) higher in extracts of Ficus sycomorus compared to those of Ficus sur , with respective values of 336.80 ± 0.80 … Peer review under responsibility of King Saud University. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. species of which more than 700 are noted for their uses as medicinal herbs or as botanical pesticides [5]. MRSA-induced keratitis in rabbit was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of F. sycomorus leaves and C. procera latex extracts. Slash pale pink with heavy latex flow. Members of the local community were asked to give the names of the most renowned traditional healers in the study area. Other scientific names. Publication Author von Maydell H. Publisher Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit; Germany Year 1990 ISBN 3-8236-1198-4 Description A well-researched book, usually with more than one photograph of each species and good information on the plant and its uses. The sycamore fig Ficus Sycomorus is native to the middle east and parts of Africa. It is used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of infertility and sterility in humans. Ken Fern, Water cycle and rain information: Rainwater Harvesting: Shallow ground water: Surface water : Water for domestic use: Water for irrigation: … Within the 6 rabbit groups tested, group 1 received sterilized saline, while other groups (2 to 6) received 100 μl of intrastromal injections of 1.5×10 3 colony forming unit (cfu) ml-1 of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Ficus sycomorus is native to Africa south of the Sahel and north of the Tropic of Capricorn, also excluding the central-west rainforest areas. ]. Medicinal plants play a vital role in improving health of people. The roots bark of this plant is traditionally used for the treatment of epilepsy, diarrhea, dysentery, painful urination and vaginal infections (Abubakar et al., 2015). Medicinal plants have been the focus for the search of new antimalaria drugs in various parts of the world [ 11 ] and the present global situation indicates a recent resurgence in the severity of malaria, due to the resistance of malaria parasites to mainstay antimalaria drugs [ 12 ]. with help from the rest of this species could be found in Sida and Syrian littoral (Mouterde, 1966). F. sycomorus L., a medicinal plant belonging to the class Moraceae, is used worldwide treat various ailments (Saleh et al., 2015). A cold water infusion is made to stimulate milk production and the cows can be fed with the highly nutritious and easily digested leaves of this tree. The outcome of this study offers support to the Ethno-medicinal uses of F. sycomorus in the treatment of various ailments. Ficus asperifolia and Ficus sycomorus I. I. Nkafamiya*, S. A. Osemeahon, U. U. Modibbo and A. Aminu Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. Higher plants have been used worldwide as natural medicine for long time to cure human diseases. Ethno-medicinal uses of Ficus plants have been also supported by their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic activities [ 5 ]. Name Authority; Ficus brachyphylla: Fenzl: Common names. Ficus sycomorus is a fairly hardy, medium to large spreading fig tree with a distinctive yellow stem that is often seen along riverbanks. The selected Omani species showed different pharmacological activities and used traditionally to treat different diseases. 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