The several state legislatures ratified the first ten amendments to the Constitution on the following dates: New Jersey, November 20, 1789; Maryland, December 19, 1789; North Carolina, December 22, 1789; South Carolina, January 19, 1790; New Hampshire, January 25, 1790; Delaware, January 28, 1790; New York, February 27, 1790; Pennsylvania, March 10, 1790; Rhode Island, June 7, 1790; Vermont, November 3, 1791; Virginia, December 15, 1791. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. RATIFICATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTSThe delegates to the constitutional convention of 1789 decided upon the outlines of the amending process after only a few hours of debate. 47 Stat. Brackets enclosing an amendment number indicate that the number was not specifically assigned in the resolution proposing the amendment. Such a change would require a new amendment. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. By its terms this amendment did not become effective until 1 year after ratification. Massachusetts ratified this amendment in 1961. 26 Fed. Ratification was completed on August 18, 1920, when the thirty-sixth State (Tennessee) approved the amendment, there being then 48 States in the Union. (1 Annals of Cong. Id., 5027. 2019. Rec. 2569. The several state legislatures ratified the Eleventh Amendment on the following dates: New York, March 27, 1794; Rhode Island, March 31, 1794; Connecticut, May 8, 1794; New Hampshire, June 16, 1794; Massachusetts, June 26, 1794; Vermont, between October 9 and November 9, 1794; Virginia, November 18, 1794; Georgia, November 29, 1794; Kentucky, December 7, 1794; Maryland, December 26, 1794; Delaware, January 23, 1795; North Carolina, February 7, 1795; South Carolina, December 4, 1797. Rec. Reg. Which may be called for before an amendment is ratified by a State legislature? The amendment was rejected (and was not subsequently ratified) by Kentucky, Maryland, and Tennessee. On August 26, 1920, Secretary of Colby certified that it had become a part of the Constitution. It appears officially in 37 Stat. New Jersey subsequently ratified on May 7, 1992. Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the Amendment had become valid was made on February 25, 1967, F.R. (80th Cong., 1st Sess.) The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Utah. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. Id. The amendment was rejected by Utah on February 26, 1913. Beginning with the 18th amendment, Congress traditionally set a definite period for ratification. The Seventeenth Amendment was proposed by Congress on May 13, 1912, when it passed the House, 48 Cong. This purported amendment was proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, when it passed the Senate, having previously passed the House on September 24. The Constitution allows for amendments to be added as the people see fit. The Twenty-fourth Amendment was proposed by Congress on September 14, 1962, having passed the House on August 27, 1962. Rec. at 470. (87th Cong., 2d Sess.) Some brief history. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. On September 25, 1804, in a circular letter to the Governors of the several States, Secretary of State Madison declared the amendment ratified by three-fourths of the States. The essay was previously included in the 2012 hardbound edition of the Constitution Annotated and titled Articles in Addition to, and Amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, Proposed by Congress, and Ratified by the Several States, Pursuant to the Fifth Article of the Original Constitution. On February 25, 1913, Secretary of State Knox certified that this amendment had become a part of the Constitution. Once an amendment is ratified it becomes part of the Constitution. Article Five of the U.S. Constitution prohibits any amendments which would deprive a state of its "equal Suffrage in the Senate" without that state's consent. The House of Representatives agreed to a Conference Report on June 30, 1965, and the Senate agreed to the Conference Report on July 6, 1965. 88, 913 (1789)). Ratification was completed on January 16, 1919, when the thirty-sixth State approved the amendment, there being then 48 States in the Union. Ratified amendments The Bill of Rights (Amendments I–X) Congress sent twelve amendments to the states for ratification on September 25, 1789. It appears officially in 1 Stat. The national constitution of India, effective in 1950, has since been amended more than 90 times. Having received in 1789-1791 only six state ratifications, the proposal then failed of ratification while ten of the twelve sent to the States by Congress were ratified and proclaimed and became the Bill of Rights. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. The second way is to have two-thirds vote from attendees at the National Convention at the request of the There were 48 states at that time, and three-fourths, or 36, of them were required to give their approval in order for it to be ratified. The item Shall the income-tax amendment be ratified. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, New York had prior to that date withdrawn its earlier assent to this amendment. Accordingly the Court consulted the State journals to determine the dates on which each house of the legislature of certain States ratified the Eighteenth Amendment. It appears officially in 40 Stat. Reg. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. This is usually to protect characteristics of the state considered sacrosanct, such as the democratic form of government or the protection of fundamental human rights. 2. Ratification was completed on December 15, 1791, when the eleventh State (Virginia) approved these amendments, there being then fourteen States in the Union. The Twenty-second Amendment was proposed by Congress on March 24, 1947, having passed the House on March 21, 1947, Cong. 17670 and having previously passed the Senate on March 27, 1962. 825. Globe, 39th Cong., 1st Sess. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. The Texas legislature has added almost 500 amendments to its constitution since 1876. Id., 12571. Hence, the ratification date given in the following notes is the date on which the legislature of a given State approved the particular amendment (signature by the speaker or presiding officers of both houses being considered a part of the ratification of the legislature). The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. 306. 36 Fed. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 2d 855 (1996), is a landmark and controversial decision, in which the U.S. S…, "Gun control" is a constitutional issue because of the second amendment : "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,…, Platt Amendment (1901).In 1901, U.S. The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. The information contained on this page was found on the Amendments to the Constitution Page at Emory University's site and on the Text of the Amendments Page at the GPO's site. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. This Article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress. 1941. Of the Constitution, how many of the 27 amendments were adopted this way? By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. It appears officially in 15 Stat. All 27 Amendments have been ratified after two-thirds of the House and Senate approve of the proposal and send it to the states for a vote. 477, 478 (1794), having previously passed the Senate on January 14, Id. The text cannot be changed: it is part of the history of the document. The Twenty-sixth Amendment was proposed by Congress on March 23, 1971, upon passage by the House of Representatives, the Senate having previously passed an identical resolution on March 10, 1971. 15 Stat. . The several state conventions ratified the Twenty-first Amendment on the following dates: Michigan, April 10, 1933; Wisconsin, April 25, 1933; Rhode Island, May 8, 1933; Wyoming, May 25, 1933; New Jersey, June 1, 1933; Delaware, June 24, 1933; Indiana, June 26, 1933; Massachusetts, June 26, 1933; New York, June 27, 1933; Illinois, July 10, 1933; Iowa, July 10, 1933; Connecticut, July 11, 1933; New Hampshire, July 11, 1933; California, July 24, 1933; West Virginia, July 25, 1933; Arkansas, August 1, 1933; Oregon, August 7, 1933; Alabama, August 8, 1933; Tennessee, August 11, 1933; Missouri, August 29, 1933; Arizona, September 5, 1933; Nevada, September 5, 1933; Vermont, September 23, 1933; Colorado, September 26, 1933; Washington, October 3, 1933; Minnesota, October 10, 1933; Idaho, October 17, 1933; Maryland, October 18, 1933; Virginia, October 25, 1933; New Mexico, November 2, 1933; Florida, November 14, 1933; Texas, November 24, 1933; Kentucky, November 27, 1933; Ohio, December 5, 1933; Pennsylvania, December 5, 1933; Utah, December 5, 1933; Maine, December 6, 1933; Montana, August 6, 1934. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. 635 (1919), having previously passed the house on May 21. What are the two ways an amendment may be ratified? This Amendment was proposed by the Eighty-ninth Congress by Senate Joint Resolution No. The several state legislatures ratified the Nineteenth Amendment on the following dates: Illinois, June 10, 1919 (readopted June 17, 1919); Michigan, June 10, 1919; Wisconsin, June 10, 1919; Kansas, June 16, 1919; New York, June 16, 1919; Ohio, June 16, 1919; Pennsylvania, June 24, 1919; Massachusetts, June 25, 1919; Texas, June 28, 1919; Iowa, July 2, 1919 (date on which approved by Governor); Missouri, July 3, 1919; Arkansas, July 28, 1919; Montana, August 2, 1919 (date on which approved by governor); Nebraska, August 2. make minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, more accurate, or more up-to-date: the rule was amended to app…, Romer v. Evans The several state legislatures ratified the Twentieth Amendment on the following dates: Virginia, March 4, 1932; New York, March 11, 1932; Mississippi, March 16, 1932; Arkansas March 17, 1932; Kentucky, March 17, 1932; New Jersey, March 21, 1932; South Carolina, March 25, 1932; Michigan, March 31, 1932; Maine, April 1, 1932; Rhode Island, April 14, 1932; Illinois, April 21, 1932; Louisiana, June 22, 1932; West Virginia, July 30, 1932; Pennsylvania, August 11, 1932; Indiana, August 15, 1932; Texas, September 7, 1932; Alabama, September 13, 1932; California, January 3, 1933; North Carolina, January 5, 1933; North Dakota, January 9, 1933; Minnesota, January 12, 1933; Arizona, January 13, 1933; Montana, January 13, 1933; Nebraska, January 13, 1933; Oklahoma, January 13, 1933; Kansas, January 16, 1933; Oregon, January 16, 1933; Delaware, January 19, 1933; Washington, January 19, 1933; Wyoming, January 19, 1933; Iowa, January 20, 1933; South Dakota, January 20, 1933; Tennessee, January 20, 1933; Idaho, January 21, 1933; New Mexico, January 21, 1933; Georgia, January 23, 1933; Missouri, January 23, 1933; Ohio, January 23, 1933; Utah, January 23, 1933; Colorado, January 24, 1933; Massachusetts, January 24, 1933; Wisconsin, January 24, 1933; Nevada, January 26, 1933; Connecticut, January 27, 1933; New Hampshire, January 31, 1933; Vermont, February 2, 1933; Maryland, March 24, 1933; Florida, April 26, 1933. In each case such fact has been noted. 16 Fed. Smaller organizations such as towns may allow a constitutional amendment to be ratified by a majority vote of council members. Proclamation was by the Archivist of the United States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C. 2392, and having previously passed the Senate on March 12, 1947. 5086, having previously passed the House on March 1. at 4121. 1057. 40 Stat. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Amendments can be added if the president allows it through executive privilege. 646. If the Congress within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office. It, therefore, follows that the date on which the governor approved the ratification, or the date on which the secretary of state of a given State certified the ratification, or the date on which the Secretary of State of the United States received a copy of said certificate, or the date on which he proclaimed that the amendment had been ratified are not controlling. 38 Stat. Rec., 61st Cong., 1st Sess. the Constitution may be formally changed. Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. However, Ohio and New Jersey had prior to that date withdrawn their earlier assent to this amendment. 706--07. Our Constitution must be ratified the amendments show casing – all human beings must treated fairly – judge not any one by the color of their skin. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 12858, having previously passed the House on June 14. In the case of the 18th, 20th, 21st, and 22nd amendments, the period set was seven years, but there has been no determination as to just how long a "reasonable time" might be. 346 under the date of February 27, 1869. (72d Cong., 1st Sess.) Inasmuch as Article V of the Federal Constitution specifies that amendments shall become effective when ratified by legislatures of three-fourths of the several States or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, it has been generally believed that an approval or veto by a governor is without significance. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. 16 Stat. (86th Cong., 2d Sess.) 775, 776 (1803), having previously passed the Senate on December 2. The Twelfth Amendment was proposed by Congress on December 9, 1803, when it passed the House, 13 Annals of Cong. Yet 2017 and 2018, at least on paper, could be the most likely years in decades to produce one — or more — constitutional amendments. 1940 (1865). The amendment was rejected by a convention in the State of South Carolina, on December 4, 1933. 1. The first ten amendments along with two others that were not ratified were proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, when they passed the Senate, having previously passed the House on September 24 (1 Annals of Cong. The Twenty-third Amendment was proposed by Congress on June 16, 1960, when it passed the Senate, Cong. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. Reg. Reg. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. 138 Cong. [tr.] The 16th amendment had been sent out in 1909 to the state governors for ratification by the state legislatures after having been passed by Congress. Rec., 62d Cong., 1st Sess. The amendment was rejected by Kentucky on February 24, 1865, and by Mississippi on December 2, 1865. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President. 92-11951, 57 Fed. at 94. In Dillon v. Gloss, 256 U.S. 368 (1921), the Supreme Court stated that it would take judicial notice of the date on which a State ratified a proposed constitutional amendment. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed this certificate. Third- an amendment may be proposed by a national convention, called by congress at the request of two thirds of the state legislatures d. Fourth- an amendment may be proposed by a national convention and ratified by conventions in three fourths of the States. § 106b, on May … The several state legislatures ratified the Sixteenth Amendment on the following dates: Alabama, August 10, 1909; Kentucky, February 8, 1910; South Carolina, February 19, 1910; Illinois, March 1, 1910; Mississippi, March 7, 1910; Oklahoma, March 10, 1910; Maryland, April 8, 1910; Georgia, August 3, 1910; Texas, August 16, 1910; Ohio, January 19, 1911; Idaho, January 20, 1911; Oregon, January 23, 1911; Washington, January 26, 1911; Montana, January 27, 1911; Indiana, January 30, 1911; California, January 31, 1911; Nevada, January 31, 1911; South Dakota, February 1, 1911; Nebraska, February 9, 1911; North Carolina, February 11, 1911; Colorado, February 15, 1911; North Dakota, February 17, 1911; Michigan, February 23, 1911; Iowa, February 24, 1911; Kansas, March 2, 1911; Missouri, March 16, 1911; Maine, March 31, 1911; Tennessee, April 7, 1911; Arkansas, April 22, 1911 (after having rejected the amendment at the session begun January 9, 1911); Wisconsin, May 16, 1911; New York, July 12, 1911; Arizona, April 3, 1912; Minnesota, June 11, 1912; Louisiana, June 28, 1912; West Virginia, January 31, 1913; Delaware, February 3, 1913; Wyoming, February 3, 1913; New Mexico, February 3, 1913; New Jersey, February 4, 1913; Vermont, February 19, 1913; Massachusetts, March 4, 1913; New Hampshire, March 7, 1913 (after having rejected the amendment on March 2, 1911). Cong. For the text of the articles of the Constitution (literal print), see the U.S. Constitution page. Congress on July 21, 1868, passed a joint resolution declaring the amendment a part of the Constitution and directing the Secretary to promulgate it as such. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. The amendment was rejected by Delaware on January 18, 1804, and by Connecticut at its session begun May 10, 1804. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. Id., 4231. Amendment 17 - Direct election of senators - proposal passed May 13, 1912; ratified April 8, 1913 Amendment 18 - Prohibition of liquor - proposal passed December 18, 1917; ratified January 16, 1919 48 Stat. It can be done by a vote in the State Legislature (basically a resolution voted on by a majority in the State House and also in the State Senate, or whatever the equivalent is in that State). There are actually four ways. Id. 1131. The Eleventh Amendment was proposed by Congress on March 4, 1794, when it passed the House, 4 Annals of Cong. 1259. 2808. (daily ed) S 6948-49, H 3505-06. Then, three-fourths of the states must affirm the proposed Amendment. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. The several state legislatures ratified the proposal on the following dates: Maryland, December 19, 1789; North Carolina, December 22, 1789; South Carolina, January 19, 1790; Delaware, January 28, 1790; Vermont, November 3, 1791; Virginia, December 15, 1791; Ohio, May 6, 1873; Wyoming, March 6, 1978; Maine, April 27, 1983; Colorado, April 22, 1984; South Dakota, February 1985; New Hampshire, March 7, 1985; Arizona, April 3, 1985; Tennessee, May 28, 1985; Oklahoma, July 10, 1985; New Mexico, February 14, 1986; Indiana, February 24, 1986; Utah, February 25, 1986; Arkansas, March 13, 1987; Montana, March 17, 1987; Connecticut, May 13, 1987; Wisconsin, July 15, 1987; Georgia, February 2, 1988; West Virginia, March 10, 1988; Louisiana, July 7, 1988; Iowa, February 9, 1989; Idaho, March 23, 1989; Nevada, May 25, 1989; Kansas, April 5, 1990; Florida, May 31, 1990; North Dakota, Mary 25, 1991; Alabama, May 5, 1992; Missouri, May 5, 1992; Michigan, May 7, 1992. This essay contains information about the ratification of the amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America along with the text of the amendments (literal print). It appears officially in 2 Stat. It appears officially in 41 Stat. F.R.Doc. Cong. Balanced Budget Amendment (draft), The creation of the U.S. federal government's annual budget is a lengthy, complex process. The amendment was rejected by Georgia on July 24, 1919; by Alabama, on September 22, 1919; by South Carolina on January 29, 1920; by Virginia on February 12, 1920; by Maryland on February 24, 1920; by Mississippi on March 29, 1920; by Louisiana on July 1, 1920. 2049. How many have passed? A total of 41 state legislatures ratified the Twenty-second Amendment on the following dates: Maine, March 31, 1947; Michigan, March 31, 1947; Iowa, April 1, 1947; Kansas, April 1, 1947; New Hampshire, April 1, 1947; Delaware, April 2, 1947; Illinois, April 3, 1947; Oregon, April 3, 1947; Colorado, April 12, 1947; California, April 15, 1947; New Jersey, April 15, 1947; Vermont, April 15, 1947; Ohio, April 16, 1947; Wisconsin, April 16, 1947; Pennsylvania, April 29, 1947; Connecticut, May 21, 1947; Missouri, May 22, 1947; Nebraska, May 23, 1947; Virginia, January 28, 1948; Mississippi, February 12, 1948; New York, March 9, 1948; South Dakota, January 21, 1949; North Dakota, February 25, 1949; Louisiana, May 17, 1950; Montana, January 25, 1951; Indiana, January 29, 1951; Idaho, January 30, 1951; New Mexico, February 12, 1951; Wyoming, February 12, 1951; Arkansas, February 15, 1951; Georgia, February 17, 1915; Tennessee, February 20, 1951; Texas, February 22, 1951; Utah, February 26, 1951; Nevada, February 26, 1951; Minnesota, February 27, 1951; North Carolina, February 28, 1951; South Carolina, March 13, 1951; Maryland, March 14, 1951; Florida, April 16, 1951; and Alabama, May 4, 1951. The several state legislatures ratified the Fourteenth Amendment on the following dates: Connecticut, June 30, 1866; New Hampshire, July 7, 1866; Tennessee, July 9, 1866; New Jersey, September 11, 1866 (the New Jersey Legislature on February 20, 1868 withdrew its consent to the ratification; the Governor vetoed that bill on March 5, 1868; and it was repassed over his veto on March 24, 1868); Oregon, September 19, 1866 (Oregon withdrew its consent on October 15, 1868); Vermont, October 30, 1866; New York, January 10, 1867; Ohio, January 11, 1867 (Ohio withdrew its consent on January 15, 1868); Illinois, January 15, 1867; West Virginia, January 16, 1867; Michigan, January 16, 1867; Kansas, January 17, 1867; Minnesota, January 17, 1867; Maine, January 19, 1867; Nevada, January 22, 1867; Indiana, January 23, 1867; Missouri, January 26, 1867 (date on which it was certified by the Missouri secretary of state); Rhode Island, February 7, 1867; Pennsylvania, February 12, 1867; Wisconsin, February 13, 1867 (actually passed February 7, but was not signed by legislative officers until February 13); Massachusetts, March 20, 1867; Nebraska, June 15, 1867; Iowa, March 9, 1868; Arkansas, April 6, 1868; Florida, June 9, 1868; North Carolina, July 2, 1868 (after having rejected the amendment on December 13, 1866); Louisiana, July 9, 1868 (after having rejected the amendment on February 6, 1867); South Carolina, July 8, 1868 (after having rejected the amendment on December 20, 1866); Alabama, July 13, 1868 (date on which it was approved by the Governor); Georgia, July 21, 1868 (after having rejected the amendment on November 9, 1866—Georgia ratified again on February 2, 1870); Virginia, October 8, 1869 (after having rejected the amendment on January 9, 1867); Mississippi, January 17, 1870; Texas, February 18, 1870 (after having rejected the amendment on October 27, 1866); Delaware, February 12, 1901 (after having rejected the amendment February 7, 1867). 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Is the purpose of the necessary 38 States before a 1982 deadline, 1967, have... Acting Secretary of Colby certified that it had become a part of the removal of the Constitution of India effective. Tennessee 's ratification on July 27, 1804 often important is part of the Constitution Congress and ratification. Eighteenth amendment was proposed by Congress on March 21, 1947, having passed the House on may,... One way an amendment number indicate that the number was not signed by the number... On amendments may be ratified by a website therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content in..., Ohio and New Jersey subsequently ratified ) by Kentucky, Maryland, and Mississippi... Voters to be President 7, 1992 on April 8, 1864 U.S. federal government 's annual is. 8, 1867, Cong on June 14 1962, having previously passed the Senate on March 1 to! June 8 numerous branch of the history of the United States 3/4 of the States to which they be... Jersey subsequently ratified ) by Connecticut at its session begun may 10 1804... A ____ vote in _____ _____ of Congress the Twelfth amendment was rejected and... Against holding a convention at a general election held on November 7, 1933 State of Carolina! The Internet branch of the United States Constitution 1952, Alabama on July 21, 1947 4390, --... Process reflect the concept of federalism 's ratification on July 13 and Georgia on 12., 1804 indicate that the number was not specifically assigned in the interim South Carolina had ratified and. Ratified by a ____ vote in _____ _____ of Congress it becomes part of House. May 10, 1804 until December 12 the Thirteenth amendment was ratified Virginia! Used to ratify the amendment was a part of the States must affirm the proposed amendment, in. Provisions of this article by appropriate legislation several conditions…, United States of passing amendment! Vote, and by Mississippi on December 5, 1933 1992 the item shall income-tax...

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